Cities in the US, Canada and elsewhere have dealt with problems such as street & sidewalk cleanliness and safety that negatively affect neighborhood comfort & safety and local image by forming improvement districts. They may be called different names but all function in much the same way. Privately directed non-profit organizations, they are sanctioned by government code and designed to supplement (NOT replace) public services within geographically defined boundaries. Funding for the additional services comes from an assessment on all property and business owners within the defined boundaries. Once formed as a 501(c)(3), an elected Board of Directors and Executive Director are accountable for managing funds and services and reporting back to the community on a regular basis. In addition, the Executive Director serves as the community’s spokesperson in relations with City Hall. Improvement Districts are authorized for a specific duration (usually between 5 and 15 years) and can be renewed thereafter by a majority vote from the business and property owners. Conversely, Improvement Districts are reviewed annually and can be dissolved by majority vote of stakeholders.